Mental Health QuarterlyThe winter 2016 edition of the Children’s Mental Health Research Quarterly focuses on children’s conduct difficulties and behaviour problems and notes that “30% to 50% of referrals to children’s mental health services are for behaviour problems”

The following are quotes from this edition:

“According to rigorous epidemiological surveys, approximately 2.4% of children meet criteria for oppositional defiant disorder at any given time. Similarly, a review of nine high-quality surveys found that approximately 2.1% of young people meet diagnostic criteria for conduct disorder at any given time. Extrapolating from BC and Canadian population figures, an estimated 30,000 children and youth in BC and 240,000 in Canada are likely experiencing one or both of these conditions at any given time.”

“Policy-makers, practitioners and members of the public can make a difference for young people by enacting and supporting policies that address socio-economic disadvantage, including overall child poverty levels. For example, evaluations of income-supplement programs have suggested that increasing the incomes of poor families by just $5,000 a year for two or three years could produce large improvements in children’s behaviour. And, given that living in poverty poses multiple risks for child well-being, poverty reduction may also avert other risks. For example, family socio-economic disadvantage has also been linked to children having chronically activated stress pathways, with consequent effects on their immune systems.

The available causal evidence also suggests that practitioners may have an added role to play by directly helping parents — given that parenting appears to be another important modifiable factor in the development of children’s behavioural problems”

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